Statistics

Statistics of the Genocide

The Rwandan Genocide of 1994 was a truly traumatic and horrifying event. It was one of the most brutal acts of murder ever committed.

  • Over the course of 100 days from April 6 to July 16 1994, an estimated 800,000 to 1 million Tutsis and some moderate Hutus were slaughtered in the Rwandan genocide. The official Government of Rwanda number of those killed in the genocide is 1,074,017, of whom 93.7 percent were Tutsi. A 2008 report estimated the number to be close to 2 million.2
  • During this period of terrible slaughter, more than 6 men, women and children were murdered every minute of every hour of every day. This brutally efficient killing was maintained for more than 3 months. 3
  • There are between 300,000 to 400,000 survivors of the genocide.4
  • Between 250,000 and 500,000 women were raped during the 100 days of genocide.5 Up to 20,000 children were born to women as a result of rape.6
  • More than 67% of women who were raped in 1994 during the genocide were infected with HIV and AIDS.7 In many cases, this resulted from a systematic and planned use of rape by HIV+ men as a weapon of genocide.8
  • There are 10 times as many widows than widowers – almost 50,000 widows of the genocide.9
  • As of 2013, there were still 21,039 exceptionally vulnerable survivors receiving hardship allowance from FARG.10
  • 75,000 of survivors were orphaned as a result of the genocide.11
  • Of those that survived the genocide over half the children stopped their schooling, because of poverty.12
  • As of 2007, 40,000 survivors were without shelter, many whose homes were destroyed in the genocide.13
  • Of AVEGA’s 20,000 members, nearly one-third (8,000) of widows have still not had gacaca judgments enforced as of 2013.14
  • Between its establishment in 1994 and its closure in 2005, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda indicted just 93 people, and sentenced only 61 of them, at an estimated cost of $2 billion .15
  • In ten years, 12,000 local tribunals manned by a quarter million lay judges tried 1,003,227 individual Hutu in 1,958,634 cases of genocide. Of those, approximately 840,824 Hutu were convicted (86% of all those who were tried) 16
  • In a 2016 study of genocide survivors living in the diaspora (in Finland), 73% of survivors reported still being traumatised by their experience in the genocide, and 38% extremely traumatised, despite it being over 20 years ago. 17

1 The UN estimate the number killed as 800,000. The Rwandan Government estimate is 1,074,017.  RWANDA: No consensus on genocide death toll, Agence France-Presse,  Apr 6, 2004 (quoted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_Genocide)

2 A 2008 AERG Report estimates the number killed to be 1,952,078 people (http://allafrica.com/stories/200810040044.html)

3 A statistical average on the basis of the estimate of 800,000 to 1 million people killed in 100 days. (6 people x 60 minutes x 24 hours x 100 days = 864,000 people)

4 Rwandan Ministry of Social Affairs, 2007 census estimates the number to be 309,368 (http://www.hirondellenews.org/ictr-rwanda/412-rwanda-political-and-social-issues/22237-en-en-280808-rwandagenocide-census-rwanda-genocide-survivors-estimated-to-be-3000001128811288). IBUKA (the umbrella body of survivors’ organisations in Rwanda) estimates the number to be nearer to 400,000.

5 http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/AFR47/007/2004/en/53d74ceb-d5f7-11dd-bb24-1fb85fe8fa05/afr470072004en.pdf page 6

6 Foundation Rwanda, 2008: http://foundationrwanda.org

7 http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/AFR47/007/2004/en/53d74ceb-d5f7-11dd-bb24-1fb85fe8fa05/afr470072004en.pdf, page 2

8 http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673602118046

9 Rwandan Ministry of Social Affairs, 2007:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_Survivors

10 http://focus.rw/wp/2013/06/farg-increases-allowance-for-genocide-survivors/

11 http://www.hirondellenews.com/ictr-rwanda/412-rwanda-political-and-social-issues/21810-en-en-240408-rwandagenocide-rwanda-genocide-orphans-face-loneliness-and-poverty1086110861

12 http://www.menwhokilledme.com/news/more-than-one-third-of-rwandan-genocide-survivors-are-impoverished

13 Rwandan Ministry of Social Affairs, 2007: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_Survivors

14 http://allafrica.com/stories/201308140044.html

15 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-35070220

16 https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID2725915_code1322059.pdf?abstractid=2725915&mirid=1&type=2

17 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23311908.2017.1333244 

For further information on Rwanda and statistics on its Geography, People, Economy then please refer to the CIA World Factbook on Rwanda.