Statistics

Statistics of the Genocide

The Rwandan Genocide of 1994 was a truly traumatic and horrifying event. It was one of the most brutal acts of murder ever committed.

  • Over the course of 100 days from April 6 to July 16 1994, an estimated 800,000 to 1 million Tutsis and some moderate Hutus were slaughtered in the Rwandan genocide.1 A recent report has estimated the number to be close to 2 million.2
  • During this period of terrible slaughter, more than 6 men, women and children were murdered every minute of every hour of every day. This brutally efficient killing was maintained for more than 3 months.3
  • There are between 300,000 to 400,000 survivors of the genocide.4
  • Between 250,000 and 500,000 women were raped during the 100 days of genocide.5 Up to 20,000 children were born to women as a result of rape.6
  • More than 67% of women who were raped in 1994 during the genocide were infected with HIV and AIDS.7 In many cases, this resulted from a systematic and planned use of rape by HIV+ men as a weapon of genocide.8
  • There are 10 times as many widows than widowers – almost 50,000 widows of the genocide.9
  • As of June 2013, there are currently 21,039 exceptionally vulnerable survivors receiving hardship allowance from FARG.10
  • 75,000 of survivors were orphaned as a result of the genocide.11
  • Of those that survived the genocide over half the children stopped their schooling, because of poverty.12
  • As of 2007, 40,000 survivors were without shelter, many whose homes were destroyed in the genocide.13
  • Of AVEGA’s 25,000 members, nearly one-third (8,000) of widows have still not had gacaca judgments enforced as of August 2013.14

1 The UN estimate the number killed as 800,000. The Rwandan Government estimate is 1,071,000.  RWANDA: No consensus on genocide death toll, Agence France-Presse,  Apr 6, 2004 (quoted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_Genocide)

2 A 2008 AERG Report estimates the number killed to be 1,952,078 people (http://allafrica.com/stories/200810040044.html)

3 A statistical average on the basis of the estimate of 800,000 to 1 million people killed in 100 days. (6 people x 60 minutes x 24 hours x 100 days = 864,000 people)

4 Rwandan Ministry of Social Affairs, 2007 census estimates the number to be 309,368 (http://www.hirondellenews.org/ictr-rwanda/412-rwanda-political-and-social-issues/22237-en-en-280808-rwandagenocide-census-rwanda-genocide-survivors-estimated-to-be-3000001128811288). IBUKA (the umbrella body of survivors’ organisations in Rwanda) estimates the number to be nearer to 400,000.

5 http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/AFR47/007/2004/en/53d74ceb-d5f7-11dd-bb24-1fb85fe8fa05/afr470072004en.pdf page 6

6 Foundation Rwanda, 2008: http://foundationrwanda.org

7 http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/AFR47/007/2004/en/53d74ceb-d5f7-11dd-bb24-1fb85fe8fa05/afr470072004en.pdf, page 2

8 http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673602118046

9 Rwandan Ministry of Social Affairs, 2007:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_Survivors

10 http://focus.rw/wp/2013/06/farg-increases-allowance-for-genocide-survivors/

11 http://www.hirondellenews.com/ictr-rwanda/412-rwanda-political-and-social-issues/21810-en-en-240408-rwandagenocide-rwanda-genocide-orphans-face-loneliness-and-poverty1086110861

12 http://www.menwhokilledme.com/news/more-than-one-third-of-rwandan-genocide-survivors-are-impoverished

13 Rwandan Ministry of Social Affairs, 2007:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_Survivors

14 http://allafrica.com/stories/201308140044.html

For further information on Rwanda and statistics on its Geography, People, Economy then please refer to the CIA World Factbook on Rwanda.